third time Dumont d'Urville returned to New Zealand was the result
of his proposition to the French naval authorities for a second
circumnavigation in the Pacific. D'Urville's expedition this time
would involve two ships, the Astrolabe and the Zelée.
The ships set sail on 7th September 1837, stopping
off at Staten Landt before passing by Le Maire Strait. D'Urville
had also received orders to navigate the Antarctica area.
It was not long before the Astrolabe and the Zelée
found themselves in the icefields of the south, near Clarence Island.
Bad weather, ice fields, fog and snow eventually obliged d'Urville
to turn from the Antarctica, before the end of it's short summer,
and make for the South Orkneys, where the ships laid anchor at Saddle
here for an image of the Astrolabe among icefields in the South
Pole, in 1838. (java image)
After long navigation
around the Pacific Islands, calling in to various ports such as
Guam, Tahiti, Tonga and Java, the French arrived at New Holland,
(Australia) where the ships laid anchor on 27 February 1839.
During the months which followed, d'Urville navigated
around the islands of Indonesia, waiting for the Antarctic summer.
Mid January 1840, the Astolabe was back in Arctic waters once again.
D'Urville raised the French flag over land which he took in the
name of the King of France, and which he named Terre Adèlie, after
his wife Adèle. This narrow area of land runs to the South Pole,
and is still a base for French scientists today.
On leaving the Antarctic on 1st February 1840, the
French headed Hobart, in order to pick up the sick who had been
left behind to recuperate, and also to take on fresh supplies. On
leaving Hobart for New Zealand, Stewart Island was sighted on 23rd
March 1840. A few days later the ships arrived at Hooper's Inlet,
on the Otago peninsula.
Here they met with the crew of the French whaler
"Le Havre", where they learnt that many French whalers were leaving
the Eastern Pacific for the more lucrative whaling trade in New
Zealand and Australian waters.
On continuing up the
coast, the ships arrived at Akaroa, where they remained a short
time with the small French colony established there. Four French
whalers were already stationed in Akaroa. D'Urville continued north,
to arrive at Kororareka on 26th April, where he discovered with
surprise that the British had just annexed the North Island. D'Urville
arrived back in Toulon on 6th November 1840.
On 8th May 1842, Jules Sébastien César Dumont d'Urville's
life came to an untimely end when he was killed in a train accident,